HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a single-stranded, enveloped RNA virus that attacks the body’s immune sys- tem, especially the CD4+ white blood cells (CD4 expressing T lymphocytes). Despite the homology in conserved regions, there are two main types of human immunodeficiency virus: HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 virus is divided into four groups: M, N, O, and P. The most widespread group, M, is also classified into nine subtypes; A, B, C, D, F, G, H, J, and K.
It is not possible to cure the disease once a person is infect- ed. However, with the current medical therapies, controlling the infection and preventing the progression of the disease is possible.
For most infected people, flu-like symptoms last for a few days longer. However, due to a high number of asympto- matic patients, the only way to ensure having an HIV infec- tion is to get tested.
Turklab’s Anti-HIV 1/2 Test is a rapid, immunochromato- graphic assay for the qualitative detection of antibodies generated against all subtypes of HIV-1 and HIV-2 (Type 2) in human serum, plasma, and whole blood samples.
• Able to detect all HIV-1 (Type1) groups, including Group O.
• Sensitivity : 100%
• Specificity: 100%